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At Laskin Therapy Group, Speech/Language
Pathologists evaluate and treat a variety of
language disorders. Language Disorders can be
receptive (an impairment in the comprehension of
language) and/or expressive (a deficiency in the
production of language) and/or include difficulties
with retrieval of information. Language disorders
can be spoken and/or written. Specific problems that
a child with a language disorder may have could be:
the fundamental rules that direct the composition
of words, clauses and phrases.
the rules and principles that govern sentence
the identification, analysis and description of
the structure of words, affixes, prefixes, parts of
speech, intonation/stress, or implied context.
the sound system of language.
a list of words. A childs vocabulary is all the
words that he or she knows. Includes knowledge and
use of words, word combinations, the relationships
between words and comprehension of words, phrases,
and sentences that have more than one meaning.
the awareness of the appropriateness of language
in relation to the situation in which it is used and
ability to modify language to the situation
Higher-level cognitive functions
of complex language in which meaning is not directly
available from the vocabulary or grammatical
information. Examples would include understanding
the meaning of messages independent of the literal
interpretation, making inferences, recognizing
meaning from context and making sense of ambiguous
Comprehension of basic concepts
knowledge of words that refer to basic perceptual
and conceptual relations. For example, spatial
concepts (i.e., in, out, on), temporal (i.e., before
and after), quantitative (i.e., more, some), serial
arrangement (i.e., first, second, last), and
concepts that indicate inclusion (i.e., both),
exclusion (i.e., all but), conditional (i.e.,
if-then), coordination (i.e., and, or).
for Facilitating Language in the Young
a time for talking and learning. For
example, when buying fruits and
vegetables at the grocery store talk
about the colors, size, and texture of
learning games with children. For
infants and toddlers, play games like
pat-a- cake and peek-a-boo. For older
children, games like I Spy or Simon Says
are great ways to stimulate speech and
routines fun language building
activities for children. During clean up
time and laundry time, sort items by
category, color, or size.
Self-Talk when your toddler is nearby.
Talk aloud about what you are seeing,
doing, hearing, or feeling.
Parallel-Talk with your toddler. Talk
aloud about what he or she is doing,
seeing, hearing, or feeling. This gives
the child words to think with and he or
she will use them later to tell you
about things that are happening to them.
reading is a great activity for language
and learning at all ages. Not only read
the words, but also describe and point
out objects, colors, shapes, feelings,
and actions in the pictures.
Go for a
walk. The world around us offers
unlimited learning possibilities.
Discuss what you are seeing, hearing,
and feeling. Collect things along the
way like rocks or leaves and take them
home for later learning activities such
as an art project, a counting game, or
animal sounds is a fun way to associate
a sound with a specific meaning. The
doggie says woof-woof.
questions that require a choice. Do you
want an apple or grapes?
Name and identify body parts during
bathing time, dressing time, or when
looking in a mirror.